What Is It/

How Is It Recognized/

Is Massage indicated

Condition Name

What Are They?

How Are They Recognized?

or Contraindicated?


Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)

it generally begins as stiffness and

Massage is indicated in the sub-


is a progressive arthritis of

pain around the sacrum, with occa-

acute stages of AS only, and

(page 69)

the spine.

sional referred pain down the back

then only under a doctor's



of the buttocks and into the legs. It

supervision. During acute epi-



has acute and subacute episodes.

sodes, massage is at least locally



People with advanced AS are

contraindicated in areas of pain



locked in a flexed position.

and inflammation.


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