What Is It/

How Is It Recognized/

Is Massage indicated

Condition Name

What Are They?

How Are They Recognized?

or Contraindicated?


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is

In the acute phase, affected joints

Massage is systemically contrain-


an autoimmune disease in

are red, swollen, hot, and painful.

dicated during acute episodes of

(page 80)

which synovial membranes,

They often become gnarled and

RA. Massage is indicated in the


particularly of the joints in

distorted. It tends to affect the

subacute stages when it may be


the hands and feet, are at-

body symmetrically, and it is not

used to reestablish mobility and


tacked by immune system

determined by age,

to reduce the stresses that can


agents. Other structures,


trigger another flare.


such as muscles, tendons,




and blood vessels, may also




be affected.




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