What Is It/

How Is It Recognized/

Is Massage indicated

Condition Name

What Are They?

How Are They Recognized?

or Contraindicated?

Spasms, Cramps

Spasms and cramps are in-

Cramps are extremely painful

Massage is locally contraindicated

(page 57)

voluntary contractions of

with visible shortening of muscle

for acutely cramping muscle bel-

 

skeletal muscle. Spasms

fibers. Long-term spasms are

lies, though origin/insertion work

 

are considered to be low-

achy and cause inefficient move-

can trick the proprioceptors into

 

grade, long-lasting contrac-

ment, but may not have acute

letting go. Subacute cramps re-

 

tions, while cramps are

symptoms.

spond well to massage, which

 

short-lived, very acute

 

can reduce residual pain and

 

contractions.

 

clean up chemical wastes. Under-

 

 

 

lying cramp-causing pathologies

 

 

 

must be ruled out before mas-

 

 

 

sage is applied.

 

 

 

Massage is indicated for long-

 

 

 

term spasm because it can break

 

 

 

through the ischemia-spasm-pain

 

 

 

cycle to reintroduce circulation to

 

 

 

the area, as well as reduce mus-

 

 

 

cle tone and flush out toxins.

 

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