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Muscle Groups According to Innervation

R.Schleip 1998

It is helpful to know which muscles are related with each other according to their comon nerve supply from the spinal cord. You may think of muscles within such an innervation group as belonging to the same ancestral family. They share the same embryological origin and history, and are regulated via the same neural communication pathways. Talking to one family member then often affects the whole group.This is specially important for structural bodyworkers which often tend to think only along mechanical transmission lines.

Lower Girdle

 Lumbar Plexus

  • Quadratus lumborum
  • Psoas

Femoral Nerve

  • Iliacus
  • Pectineus
  • Sartorius
  • Quadriceps

 Obturator Nerve

  • Adductors (except for the Pectineus and the long tendinous portion of the Add. Magn.)
  • Obturator externus

Gluteal Nerves

  • Gluteals (maj, med., min)
  • Tensor fasciae latae.

Tibial Nerve

  • Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus
  • Biceps fem. long head
  • Long tendinous portion of Add. Magn.
  • Popliteus
  • Triceps surae
  •, Fl.dig.long., Fl.hal.long.

Sacral Plexus

  • Piriformis
  • Obturator internus
  • Gemelli sup.&i nf.
  • Quadratus femoris
  • Levator ani

Common Peroneal Nerve

  • Short head of Biceps femoris
  • Tib.ant., Ext.dig.long., Ext. hal.long
  • Ext.dig.brev., Ext.hal.brev.
  • Peroneus longus & brevis


Upper Girdle

Musculocutaneus Nerve

  • Biceps br.
  • Brachialis
  • Coracobrach.
  • Pronator quadr.
  • Fl dig. Prof, Fl. poll.long.


Radial Nerve

  • Triceps brachii
  • Anconaeus
  • Ext.carpi rad. br. & long.
  • Brachioradialis
  • Ext.dig., Ext.dig.min., Ext. carpi uln.
  • Supinator
  • Abd.poll. long & br.
  • Ext. poll. long., Ext. indices


Median Nerve

  • Fl. digit. superf.
  • Fl. carpi radialis
  • Palmaris longus



Axillary Nerve

  • Deltoideus
  • Teres Minor



Ulnar Nerve

  • Fl.carpi uln.
  • Fl. prof. dig.


Subscapular Nerve

  • Subscapularis
  • Teres Major
  • Latissimus Dorsi